IHS Markit Energy Storage Policy Insight – September 2019
Mike Longson, Analyst
Key policy announcements in September:
The NFPA releases a new safety standard highlighting key fire and safety hazards associated with energy storage systems
As energy storage becomes more widely used globally, it is paramount that specific standards are in place to mitigate the risk of failures. Following several fires in South Korea, as well as a smaller number of cases in China and the United States, many governing bodies are increasingly looking at stricter safety standards. Following on from a long consultation process, the United States National Fire Protection Association has released the NFPA 855, the first set of standards for the installation of stationary energy storage systems.
NFPA 855 covers the design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance, and decommissioning of stationary energy storage systems. This covers the full range of battery energy storage technologies; lithium-based, sodium-based, lead-based and flow batteries; as well as capacitors, flywheels and other energy storage technologies. Pumped hydro energy storage (PHES), thermal energy storage (molten salt) and large-scale flywheels or compressed air storage facilities are not included in this set of standards, instead NFPA 850 – but the “Recommended Practice for Fire Protection Electric Generating Plants and High Voltage Direct Current Converter Stations” covers the necessary factors relevant to these energy storage technologies.
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